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Before the recent economic downturn, commercial casinos collected at the very least $30 billion in revenues each year from 2005 through 2008.1 During this period, US casino owners built new facilities and expanded how big is their existing facilities. Consequently of the economic downturn, new US commercial casino construction has come to a screeching halt and casino operators are now centered on existing facility cost reduction.
The Nature of Casino Properties
Commercial casinos often encompass hotel resorts, which offer attractive packages of services for his or her corporate and family customers. Casinos are particularly worthy of EPAct because of their large gaming floors, hotel occupancy rooms, meeting halls, and parking garages. Each of these features typically consumes large square footage and the EPAct benefit features a potential for 60 cents per square foot for each of the three measures described above. A number of the smallest commercial casinos are about 50,000 square feet some American casinos are usually over 100,000 square feet. One of the largest ones, MGM Grand on the Las Vegas strip is practically 2 million square feet. Hotels themselves are probably the most favored of Section 179 building category. (See “Hotels and Motels Most Favored Energy Policy Act Tax Properties”)
It’s common to think about commercial casinos as situated in two states Nevada and New Jersey. Whilst it does work that those two states have the biggest commercial casino revenues, you will find 12 states with commercial casinos in the United States, one other commercial casino states are: Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota. Members of the American Gaming Association have publicized some of these commitments to energy reduction. Reporting casinos include Boyd Gaming Corporation, Harrah’s Entertainment, Inc., and MGM Mirage. They have projects including significant energy savings via cogeneration, ERV(energy recovery ventilation), more effective HVAC units, replacing incandescent lights with energy efficient lightings, windows with energy efficient day lighting systems, solar thermal storage and numerous other energy saving initiatives.
The underlying rule set to qualify for the Section 179D lighting tax deduction makes casinos and particularly casino hotels probably the most favored property category for the tax incentive. The rule set requires at the very least a 25% watts-per-square foot reduction as compared to the 2001 ASHRAE (American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers) building energy code standard. Full tax deduction is achieved with a 40% watts-per-square foot reduction compared to the ASHRAE 2001 standard. The ASHRAE 2004 hotel/motel building code standard requires 40% wattage reduction, meaning that any hotel or motel lighting installation that fits that building code requirement will automatically qualify for the utmost EPAct tax deduction.
For most other building categories, the Section 179D tax provisions require compliance with the bi-level switching requirement. The comparison is always based on wired rather than plug-in lighting. Casino hotel occupancy rooms have an important advantage in that they often use plug-in lighting, and because these rooms function as hotel and motel spaces, they’re specifically excluded from the tax bi-level switching requirement. Since occupant rooms are usually one of the larger spaces in hotel casinos, casinos are usually able to utilize energy efficient lighting to generate large EPAct tax deductions for the facility.
Back of the House Spaces
Casinos frequently have large kitchen, storage, and laundry (so called back of the house) spaces which have historically used T-12 fluorescent lighting. This lighting is indeed energy inefficient compared to today’s lighting products so it will be illegal to manufacture in the United States after July 1, 2010.4 Once manufacturing of these prior generation lighting products ceases, the expense of replacing these inefficient bulbs will increase. Simply stated, casinos must look into acting now to restore these lighting fixtures to save lots of both energy and lamp replacement costs. The EPAct lighting tax incentive can be utilized to address the opportunities related to these legally mandated product changes
Ball Rooms, Banquet Rooms and Restaurants
These regions of casinos have historically used designer type lighting that’s energy inefficient and often extremely expensive to maintain and replace. In particular, replacing bulbs and lamps in high ceilings is too costly since expensive mobile hydraulic platform equipment must be rented or purchased to handle the replacements. New lighting products and, particularly, light emitting diode (LED) products, make use of a fraction of the energy and have a considerably longer useful life and are increasingly being substituted. The mixture of large energy cost reduction, operating cost reductions, utility rebates and EPAct tax deductions can greatly increase the economic payback from these more pricey lighting upgrades.
Many casinos have large adjoining parking garages that could save substantial energy costs and generate large tax deductions by upgrading to energy efficient fixtures. Pengeluaran HK In Notice 2008-40 issued March 7th, 2008, the IRS announced that parking garages are home class that’s specifically eligible to utilize the EPAct tax deductions. Also, parking garages are excluded from the tax bi-level switching requirement. Please start to see the September, 2008 International Parking Institute article specialized in parking garages EPAct lighting deduction tax opportunities.5
Slot Machines and Gaming Floors
One of the biggest energy users on hotel gaming floors is slot machines. Although they certainly were early adapters of fluorescent technology, even these energy efficient bulbs normally have to be changed 3 times per year because of 24/7 operating hours. Due to the high labor maintenance costs, casino owners are now transitioning to LED technology within their slot machines. LED’s, while they have higher up front costs, have high energy efficiency and considerably longer life cycle, offering significant savings in labor and maintenance costs.
Casinos because of their typical 24 hour occupancy can achieve significant energy cost savings from energy efficient HVAC systems. In particular, Nevada’s hot climate further makes energy efficient HVAC an extremely worthwhile investment. Fortunately. Nevada with the greatest revenues from casinos has America’s second highest capacity for energy efficiency through renewable geothermal energy.6 Certain categories of very efficient HVAC investments will often qualify for the HVAC EPAct tax incentive including geothermal and thermal storage.
We be prepared to see more casinos obtain LEED status. (See LEED Building Tax Opportunities Article7). In 2008, The Palazzo, Las Vegas Casino became the biggest LEED certified building and one of the first certified LEED casinos in the US.8 Casinos and hotels realize that certain categories of frequent travelers are very interested in residing in facilities which have clearly demonstrated they’re centered on the environmental surroundings and sustainable design. To become LEED certified, a casino should have a building energy simulation model created by a qualified engineer. Modeling is also necessary for the EPAct, HVAC and Building Envelope tax deductions. Qualified tax experts that know making the adjustments to convert LEED computer models to EPAct tax deduction models can evaluate LEED models and determine whether large tax deductions are probable. As an example, a 500,000 square foot LEED casino that qualifies for the utmost EPAct tax deduction will receive an immediate tax deduction of $900,000 =(500,000*$1.80). Casino owners who understand the magnitude of these benefits can utilize the tax savings to greatly help justify the costs related to achieving LEED status.